Rhode Island and Providence Plantations (More commonly known as Rhode Island).



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Geography:
Rhode Island boarders Conecticut to the west, and Massachusets to the north and east.
30% of its area are bays and water, mostly from the Rhode Island Sound. Rhode Island is geographically divided into two ares. The east contains the lowlands, while the west is part of the New England Uplands.
Although New England wasnt too good for farming, Rhode Island was started with agriculture as the main part of the economy.

History:


In 1636, while fleeing from religous persecution in Massachusetts Bay Colony, Roger Williams founded Providence Plantation. Providence Plantation was picked as a name to express the basis of their economy, agriculture. He sought after, among other things, religous freedom and modeled his colony after that. Upon first settling, he and the other settlers agreed upon a constitution which said that majority rules "in civil things".

In 1637, a Baptist by the name of Anne Hutchinson bought land from native americans on Aquidneck Island. Along with her moved her husband, and other followers. Soon, more settlements came along and eventually formed an allience.In 1643, all the settlements on Rhode Island tried to unify as one colony. And in 1644, due to a decision by Long Parliament, they set up an elected president and counsil.

Economics:

The colony of Rhode Island exported things such as fish and wood, with the wood being used for ship building and making furniture. Due to rocky soil and harsh weather crop exports were limited. The economy depended largely on triangular trade, such as making rum out of molasses from the West Indies, which they traded in Africa for African slaves whom they’d sell to the West Indies for more molasses.

Social:
Rhode Island was built on the idea of religious freedom. Rhode Island was the first to adapt this idea and try to spread equality. English was their primary language.


Terms:
1. Triangle trade - Rhode Island participated in triangular trade including trading rum for slaves, slaves for molasses to make more rum.
2. Salutary neglect - among other colonies, Rhode Island colonists participated in smuggling and Britain looked the other way
3. Mercantilism – An economic theory that a colony or country should gather as much gold or silver as possible by exporting more goods than they imported.
4. The great awakening - New branches of churches began to pop up throughout Rhode Island.
5. Cash crops – crops grown to sell as raw materials.


French and Indian War:
Rhode Island fought directly in the French and Indian war. As a result of the war, Rhode Island remained a territory of Britain and its settlers grew less fond of the British government. The majority of Rhode Islanders were patriots.
Revolution:
Rhode island played a large role in the American Revolution. In 1772 the first fight of the revolution took place when a group of providence residents attacked a British ship for enforcing British trade regulations. This was also known as the Gaspe Affair. It was the first colony to declare independence from Britain and the last to ratify the US Constitution. They were forced into signing the constitution by being threatened to have its exports taxed as a foreign nation